Ethernet Internet Resources
Ethernet Internet is an internet connection using Ethernet communications protocols. Ethernet is a widely deployed technology. Use our resources below to learn about Ethernet Internet. If you need assistance installing Ethernet Internet for your business ZOBOLT can help. ZOBOLT will install and setup your entire company network. Contact us today!
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Ethernet internet connections are very high speed internet circuits delivered to your home or business. A TCP/IP stack protocol (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol), Ethernet is the most widely used technology in network systems. Ethernet carrier grade internet connections are offered via two physical mediums. The first and most popular is over copper or Ethernet over Copper (EoC). Fiber Optic cable is the second option for delivering Ethernet Internet connections, also called Fiber to the Premise, (FTTP).
Types of Ethernet Connections
- Ethernet Private Line (EPL)
- Ethernet Virtual Private Line (EVPL)
- Ethernet Local Area Network (ELAN)
Spanning the globe, the world uses Ethernet to communicate daily. In 1996 Nortel Networks invented a technology called EtherLoop. The inventor of EtherLoop was Jack Terry. The name was devised from the term local-loop which describes the wire connection from the telephone office to your home or business. The idea was simple, combine packet-based Ethernet with DSL technology. This was the beginning of Ethernet over Copper. Carrier grade Ethernet connections have changed names and standards over the last 20 years. This makes following the history of EoC or Fiber Ethernet difficult.
Years ago, T1 circuits were the most widely used Internet connection. However, Internet demands have grown to the point T1s aren’t able to handle the bandwidth capacity. That’s why many businesses are turning to Internet over Ethernet. Traditionally, Ethernet could only be utilized within one company’s network. Carrier Ethernet connections offer a transport service that bridge Local Area Networks (LAN) in separate locations together or act as high-speed internet connection.
On average, Ethernet service is delivered at speeds from 1 to 45 Mbps. Speeds can go all the way up to 1 Gbps and beyond using fiber optic connections. Ethernet bandwidth comes at a relatively low cost. Cables and equipment are inexpensive because Ethernet is a well-defined industry standard. In fact, the cost structure is generally lower than that of a T1 circuits. Ethernet Over Copper (EoC) is very similar to DSL Internet. EoC uses the same copper telephone lines installed in millions of homes and businesses.
As with DSL, EoC has a distance limitation, about 10,000 to 25,000 feet. The closer your address is to the Internet Service Providers (ISP) central office, the faster internet speeds your ISP can offer. Ethernet Fiber to the Premise isn’t limited by distance. If your business is located in a building with fiber connections, you can expect to get gigabit and beyond service.
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By grouping multiple copper lines together, many ISP’s deliver higher data rates. An example of loop bonding would bond four 5.7 Mbps lines into one 45 Mbps bandwidth connection. To perform this, the provider must have four pairs of twisted pair wire available. One advantage of loop bonding is the redundancy factor. If one of the wire pairs is cut on a loop bond, it will not impact the other pairs in the connection.
Unlike DSL bonding, if a pair is cut, the entire connection will fail. If the distance from the central office is limiting the speed of the connection, loop bonding offers a method of increasing the connection speed. Other Ethernet technologies include EoDS1, which is the action of sending Ethernet over DS1 carrier lines. Ethernet is a flexible delivery protocol. Sending Ethernet over T1, DS1 or Fiber Optic connections are all optional configurations.
Utilizing Ethernet connections to carry voice traffic is now standard practice. Voice Over Internet Phones (VoIP) is an integrated feature of Ethernet internet services. Ethernet Over Copper (EoC) and Fiber over Ethernet (FoC) both offer Class of Service (CoS) technology. By using CoS with your Ethernet internet, the ISP ensures voice traffic over your connection is given priority. This is important because real-time services such as VoIP require dedicated bandwidth.
VoIP packets travel across the internet using User Datagram Protocol (UDP). UDP offers no re-transmission option, meaning lost packets are dropped calls. When using the internet with a web browser or other device, you might experience lost packets and never know. When using VoIP, lost packets without CoS might degrade or even drop phone calls. We highly recommend using Ethernet Internet when selecting VoIP.
Like DSL, Ethernet over copper is limited by distance from the central office and your business. Unlike DSL internet, Ethernet is easily carried over fiber optic lines without the need of expensive converter technology. A major disadvantage of copper line is age and limited maintenance. Regional bell companies are not properly maintaining these legacy copper lines. This makes the technology more vulnerable to failure.
Ethernet is the new kid on the block and the technology continues to evolve. Also, Ethernet uses IEEE standards (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers), while DSL and other carrier circuits were designed using Bellcore standards. This isn’t necessarily a disadvantage, it’s more of a shift in technology standards. Ethernet is an always-on technology and unlike cable internet connections, Ethernet is a dedicated line of service. Cable internet connections are shared resources.
Business users should seek Ethernet internet if available. DSL or ADSL is very similar, but lacks the more advanced features like Class of Service (CoS). Copper Over Ethernet (CoE) offers advanced Loop Bonding which can increase speeds and redundancy. Utilizing Fiber Optic Internet with Ethernet is the most advanced broadband internet available. T1 circuits are older technology and don’t offer the scale and flexibility of Ethernet. Cable internet is also an option. Cable is a shared resource and will slow down as more users are added.
Ethernet is a lower cost solution because most customers have Ethernet ready equipment installed. There is no need for expensive routers or switches to be repurchased. Coaxial cable internet is limited by the lack of CoS, plus it is a shared resource but it is a low-cost solution for many small businesses.